Cavitation luminescence from flow over a hydrofoil in a cavitation tunnel

Leighton, T.G., Farhat, M., Field, J.E. and Avellan, F. (2003) Cavitation luminescence from flow over a hydrofoil in a cavitation tunnel. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 480, 43-60. (doi:10.1017/S0022112003003732).


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This paper describes a photon-counting study of the cavitation luminescence produced by flow over a hydrofoil. This has previously been identified in water saturated with xenon. The four objectives of this study are: to determine whether luminescence can be obtained using air-saturated water; to quantify this emission, if it is present, as a function of flow parameters; to determine whether the photon arrivals occur with random timing, or in ‘bursts’; to put limits on the rates associated with any bursts. The flow experiments were performed in a cavitation tunnel capable of achieving flow velocities of up to about 50 m s-1 in the test section. The experimental hydrofoil was a NACA 009 blade. Parameters varied were the flow velocity, the incident angle of the hydrofoil and the cavitation index. The results show that significant photon counts are recorded when leading-edge cavitation takes place and U-shaped vortices (cavities) are shed from the main cavity. The photon count increases dramatically as the flow velocity increases or the cavitation index is reduced. Departures from a Poisson distribution in the arrival times of photons at the detector suggest the presence of ‘bursts’. These may be related to the way vortices are shed from the main cavity. Limits are inferred on the detection rates associated with bursts.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1017/S0022112003003732
ISSNs: 0022-1120 (print)
Related URLs:
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > Institute of Sound and Vibration Research > Fluid Dynamics and Acoustics
ePrint ID: 10363
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2005
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 11:16

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