Violante-Carvalho, N., Ocampo-Torres, F.J. and Robinson, I.S.
Buoy observations of the influence of swell on wind waves in the open ocean.
Applied Ocean Research, 26, (1-2), . (doi:10.1016/j.apor.2003.11.002).
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The influence of longer (swell) on shorter, wind sea waves is examined using an extensive database of directional buoy measurements obtained from a heave-pitch-roll buoy moored in deep water in the South Atlantic. This data set is unique for such an investigation due to the ubiquitous presence of a young swell component propagating closely in direction and frequency with the wind sea, as well as a longer, opposing swell. Our results show, within the statistical limits of the regressions obtained from our analysis when compared to measurements in swell free environments, that there is no obvious influence of swell on wind sea growth. For operational purposes in ocean engineering this means that power-laws from fetch limited situations describing the wind sea growth can be applied in more realistic situations in the open sea when swell is present.
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