Falkingham, Jane and Baschieri, Angela
Gender differentials in Tajikistan:
a gendered analysis of the 2003 Tajikistan Living Standards Measurement Survey. Southampton, UK, Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute, 57pp.
(S3RI Applications and Policy Working Papers, (A04/20) ).
In 2000, the Asian Development Bank sponsored an in-depth study of gender relations in Tajikistan (Falkingham, 2000). Whilst much of that analysis remains valid, there have been significant developments in the labour market, particularly in the agricultural sector. Land reform has led to the break-up of the large collective farms and the creation of smaller, individually run, dekhan farms. The concept note for the Tajikistan Gender Review prepared by the World Bank Social Development Team July 2004 highlighted three areas where a gendered analysis of the recent Tajikistan Living Standards Survey (TLSS) would be useful: ‘the relative poverty incidence of men and women at different ages; the composition of the employed labour force of both men and women by sector, occupation, employee status, type of enterprise, and urban-rural locations; and the differential access of men and women to services and resources such as health, education, and credit’(p.5). This report aims to provide preliminary analysis in each of these three areas. In addition background work for the recent World Bank Poverty Assessment Update highlighted the fact that almost 20 percent of households in Tajikistan were female headed and concluded that further analysis of the TLSS was warranted to produce a profile of female headed households (FHH). Thus the report also includes such an analysis.
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