From evidence-based practice to practice-based evidence: the idea of situated generalisation


Simons, Helen, Kushner, Saville, Jones, Keith and James, David (2003) From evidence-based practice to practice-based evidence: the idea of situated generalisation. Research Papers in Education, 18, (4), 347-364. (doi:10.1080/0267152032000176855).

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Description/Abstract

Governments across the world are seeking improvements in school performance. One avenue to improvement that has been widely promulgated is the reform of teaching through the development of evidence-based practice. This paper reports evaluation data from a national programme in England that sought to put teachers at the heart of the search for evidence on which improvements in practice could be based. The analysis indicates that in each stage of the process of generating and using evidence, practices came to be refined or adopted- whether for the individual teacher, peers or schools- only if they connected closely with the situation in which the evidence for improving practice arose. The paper suggests that the concept 'situated generalisation' contributes to our understanding of how teachers generate, validate and use research knowledge to improve professional practice.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The paper is also relevant for understanding the kind of evidence base that may be useful to inform policy making in other professional practice areas such as social work, nursing and the health professions.
ISSNs: 0267-1522 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: practice-based evidence, situated generalisation, teacher research, professional practice, evidence-based practice, teaching, learning, pedagogy
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Education > Professional Practice & Pedagogy
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Education > Leadership, School Improvement and Effectiveness
ePrint ID: 12681
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:03
Contact Email Address: hrs@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/12681

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