McKeagney, C.J., Boulter, C.A., Jolly, R.J.H. and Foster, R.P.
3-D Mohr circle analysis of vein opening, Indarama Iode-gold deposit, Zimbabwe: implications for exploration.
Journal of Structural Geology, 26, (6-7), . (doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2003.11.001).
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The Indarama lode gold deposit is hosted by vertically-dipping basalt in the Late Archaean Midlands Greenstone Belt of Zimbabwe. Major deformation events at 2.68 and 2.58 Ga established a complex array of fractures. A limited range of orientations of this fracture network opened towards the end of the younger deformation event, creating a lode pattern where 92% of mineralised veins dip at less than 50°, mainly to the E and W, and most strike directions are represented. A clustered distribution of poles to the quartz–carbonate veins indicates a constrictional stress field at the time of vein opening where 1 and 2 were near horizontal, (directed NNW–SSE and ENE–WSW, respectively), and 3 was near vertical. 3-D Mohr circle analysis demonstrates that 2 was approximately 67% of 1 (the stress ratio) and that the driving pressure ratio (R?) was approximately 0.4, reflecting the role of fluid pressure, mean stress, and the maximum shear stress in controlling conditions of fracture opening.
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