The cultures of English as a lingua franca

Baker, Will (2009) The cultures of English as a lingua franca. TESOL Quarterly, 43, (4), 567-592. (doi:10.1002/j.1545-7249.2009.tb00187.x).


[img] PDF - Version of Record
Restricted to internal admin

Download (127Kb) | Request a copy


The cultural dimension of foreign and second language use and teaching has risen in prominence since the 1980s. More recently there has been much interest in and debate concerning the use of English as a lingua franca (ELF). However, there has been little empirical investigation into what communication through ELF might mean for an understanding of the relationships between languages and cultures. This article reports on a qualitative study investigating seven users of English in a higher education setting in Thailand engaged in intercultural communication. Analysis of these examples of intercultural communication, together with the participants’ metadiscussions of culture, revealed cultural frames of reference perceived of and made use of in a hybrid, mixed, and liminal manner, drawing on and moving between global, national, local, and individual orientations. Although the limited number of instances reported means that further research is needed to confidently make generalisations, it is suggested that cultural forms, practices, and frames of reference through ELF may be viewed not as a priori defined categories, but as adaptive and emergent resources which are negotiated and context dependent. Therefore, ELF needs to move beyond the traditionally conceived target language–target culture relationship to incorporate an awareness of dynamic hybrid cultures and the skills to successfully negotiate them.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1002/j.1545-7249.2009.tb00187.x
ISSNs: 0039-8322 (print)
1545-7249 (electronic)
Related URLs:
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Humanities > Modern Languages
ePrint ID: 141596
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
December 2009Published
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2010 13:59
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:17

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics