Dissociating the facets of hope: agency and pathways predict dropout from unguided self-help therapy in opposite directions
Geraghty, Adam W.A., Wood, Alex M. and Hyland, Michael E. (2010) Dissociating the facets of hope: agency and pathways predict dropout from unguided self-help therapy in opposite directions. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, (1), 155-158. (doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.12.003).
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Hope comprises two components: agency (“goal directed determination”) and pathways (“planning of ways to meet goals”). We tested whether these two components can be dissociated and therefore differentially predict dropout from two unguided self-help interventions to reduce worry (gratitude vs. thought monitoring and cognitive restructuring interventions, N = 247 entered, 136 completed). The two hope components significantly predicted attrition in opposite directions; agency predicted completion (OR = 2.15, CI = 1.27–3.64, p = .004), whereas pathways predicted dropout (OR = .47, CI = .29–.77, p = .003). Gratitude and thought monitoring reduced worry compared a wait list control, and for completers there was no difference in outcome. Conclusion: hope facets can be dissociated; gratitude techniques are as effective and have better retention than a technique commonly used in cognitive behavior therapy.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.12.003|
|Keywords:||hope, attrition, self-help, gratitude, worry, intervention, positive psychology|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Human Wellbeing
|Date Deposited:||20 Apr 2010 13:19|
|Last Modified:||31 Mar 2016 13:20|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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