Dissociating the facets of hope: agency and pathways predict dropout from unguided self-help therapy in opposite directions


Geraghty, Adam W.A., Wood, Alex M. and Hyland, Michael E. (2010) Dissociating the facets of hope: agency and pathways predict dropout from unguided self-help therapy in opposite directions. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, (1), 155-158. (doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.12.003 ).

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Description/Abstract

Hope comprises two components: agency (“goal directed determination”) and pathways (“planning of ways to meet goals”). We tested whether these two components can be dissociated and therefore differentially predict dropout from two unguided self-help interventions to reduce worry (gratitude vs. thought monitoring and cognitive restructuring interventions, N = 247 entered, 136 completed). The two hope components significantly predicted attrition in opposite directions; agency predicted completion (OR = 2.15, CI = 1.27–3.64, p = .004), whereas pathways predicted dropout (OR = .47, CI = .29–.77, p = .003). Gratitude and thought monitoring reduced worry compared a wait list control, and for completers there was no difference in outcome. Conclusion: hope facets can be dissociated; gratitude techniques are as effective and have better retention than a technique commonly used in cognitive behavior therapy.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0092-6566 (print)
Keywords: hope, attrition, self-help, gratitude, worry, intervention, positive psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Human Wellbeing
ePrint ID: 146039
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2010 13:19
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:06
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/146039

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