Of care and commodities: breast milk and the new politics of mobile biosubstances.
Progress in Human Geography, 34, (1), . (doi:10.1177/0309132509105003).
Advances in lactation technology in recent years have changed the ontological status of
breast milk, giving it new-found mobility. This paper considers the contested meanings over breast
milk’s ‘proper place’ in US and UK society. By synthesizing scholarship from geography, gender
studies and science and technology studies, I use the case of mobile breast milk to propose a new
framework for how geographers might conceptualize mobile biosubstances. Drawing on the work
of Waldby and Mitchell (2006), I suggest that the ways in which breast milk now travels refl ect
how mobile biosubstances increasingly function as a hybrid form, drawing together elements of
both gift-exchanges and commodity-exchanges.
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