Archaeology and geostatistics


Lloyd, C.D. and Atkinson, P.M. (2004) Archaeology and geostatistics. Journal of Archaeological Science, 31, (2), 151-165. (doi:10.1016/j.jas.2003.07.004).

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Description/Abstract

Geostatistics is used in many different disciplines to characterise spatial variation and for spatial prediction, spatial simulation and sampling design. Archaeology is an inherently spatial discipline and the models and tools provided by geostatistics should be as valuable in archaeology as they are in other disciplines that are concerned with spatially varying properties. However, there have, so far, been few applications of geostatistics in archaeology. This paper seeks to highlight some of the key tools provided by geostatistics and to show, through two case studies, how they may be employed in archaeological applications. Some relevant literature is summarised and two case studies are presented based on the analysis of (i) Roman pottery and (ii) soil phosphate data.

Geostatistics is used in many different disciplines to characterise spatial variation and for spatial prediction, spatial simulation and sampling design. Archaeology is an inherently spatial discipline and the models and tools provided by geostatistics should be as valuable in archaeology as they are in other disciplines that are concerned with spatially varying properties. However, there have, so far, been few applications of geostatistics in archaeology. This paper seeks to highlight some of the key tools provided by geostatistics and to show, through two case studies, how they may be employed in archaeological applications. Some relevant literature is summarised and two case studies are presented based on the analysis of (i) Roman pottery and (ii) soil phosphate data.



Item Type: Article
Related URLs:
Keywords: Spatial analysis, mapping, ampling design
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Geography > Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis
ePrint ID: 15450
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2005
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:05
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/15450

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