Mining whole-sample mass spectrometry proteomics data for biomarkers - an overview
McDonald, Ross, Skipp, Paul, Bennell, Julia, Potts, Chris, Thomas, Lyn C. and O'Connor, David (2009) Mining whole-sample mass spectrometry proteomics data for biomarkers - an overview. Expert Systems with Applications, 36, (3), part 1, 5333-5340. (doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2008.06.133).
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Biomarkers are proteins or other components of a clinical sample whose measured intensity alters in response to a biological change such as an infection or disease, and which may therefore be useful for prediction and diagnosis. Proteomics is the science of discovering, identifying and understanding such components using tools such as mass spectrometry. In this paper we aim to provide a concise overview of designing and conducting an MS proteomics study in such a way as to allow statistical analysis that may lead to the discovery of novel markers. We provide a summary of the various stages that make up such an experiment, highlighting the need for experimental goals to be decided upon in advance. We discuss issues in experimental design at the sample collection stage, and good practice for standardising protocols within the proteomics laboratory. We then describe approaches to the data mining stage of the experiment, including the processing steps that transform a raw mass spectrum into a useable form. We propose a permutation-based procedure for determining the significance of reported error rates. Finally, because of its advantage in speed and low cost, we suggest that MS proteomics may be a good candidate for an early primary screening approach to disease diagnosis, identifying areas of risk and making referrals for more specific tests without necessarily making a diagnosis in its own right. Our discussion is illustrated with examples drawn from experiments on bovine blood serum designed to pinpoint novel biomarkers for bovine tuberculosis.
|Keywords:||mass spectrometry, proteomics, data mining, biomarkers|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
R Medicine > RB Pathology
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Biological Sciences
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Management
|Date Deposited:||27 May 2010 15:08|
|Last Modified:||19 Jul 2013 01:02|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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