Physiological concentration of calcium inhibits elastase-induced cleavage of a functional recombinant fragment of surfactant protein D
Duvoix, Annelyse, Mackay, Rose-Marie, Henderson, Neil, McGreal, Eamon, Postle, Anthony, Reid, Kenneth and Clark, Howard (2010) Physiological concentration of calcium inhibits elastase-induced cleavage of a functional recombinant fragment of surfactant protein D. Immunobiology (doi:10.1016/j.imbio.2010.03.006 ).
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Surfactant protein D (SP-D) plays an important role in lung host defence. SP-D levels have been shown to be depleted in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. A recombinant fragment of the human SP-D (rfhSP-D) which consist of a hydrophobic neck and a CRD has been shown to be active in vivo and partially reverses the symptoms of the SP-D deficiency in the lungs when administered to SP-D knock-out mice. In this paper we studied the in vitro effect of different proteolytic enzymes commonly found in CF patients lungs, such as neutrophil elastase, cathepsin G and protease 3 as well as Pseudomonas elastase, on rfhSP-D. It was also shown that cleavage was inhibited by physiological concentration of calcium. When Western blot was compared with ELISA, we show that an anti-SP-D ELISA is a not a reliable assay of functional SP-D levels since non-functional fragments of SP-D are also detected. Thus, ELISA cannot be used as a reliable "diagnostic" tool for SP-D deficiency. Finally, we observe that SP-D is not cleaved in control patients but is degraded in about half the samples from cystic fibrosis patients, indicating that degradation of endogenous SP-D, by enzymes present in CF bronchioalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), may lead to deficiency of the protein as seen in CF and therefore rfhSP-D may be a useful future therapy.
|Keywords:||bronchioalveolar lavage, cathepsin g, cystic fibrosis, neutrophile elastase, protease 3, pseudomonas elastase, surfactant protein d|
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine
|Date Deposited:||15 Jun 2010 13:28|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2011 03:13|
|Contributors:||Duvoix, Annelyse (Author)
Mackay, Rose-Marie (Author)
Henderson, Neil (Author)
McGreal, Eamon (Author)
Postle, Anthony (Author)
Reid, Kenneth (Author)
Clark, Howard (Author)
|Date:||15 March 2010|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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