Biodiversity and distribution of the genus Gromia (Protista, Rhizaria) in the deep Weddell Sea (Southern Ocean)


Rothe, N., Gooday, A.J., Cedhagen, T. and Hughes, J.A. (2011) Biodiversity and distribution of the genus Gromia (Protista, Rhizaria) in the deep Weddell Sea (Southern Ocean). Polar Biology, 34, 69-81. (doi:10.1007/s00300-010-0859-z).

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Description/Abstract

We present a survey of morphospecies of Gromia, a genus of testate protists, from bathyal and abyssal depths in the Weddell Sea and adjacent areas of the Southern Ocean. This material represents the most extensive and diverse available collection of deep-sea gromiids so far recorded. The twelve species, nine of which are undescribed, are recognized on the basis of morphological criteria, including the test size and shape, the appearance and structure of the oral capsule, and the characteristics of the test wall. Most species have a single oral capsule, which is circular in plan view with a conical nipple-like shape in lateral view. One morphospecies has three oral capsules. The appearance and structure of the wall displays great variability among Gromia species, ranging from very delicate and transparent with highly reXective highlights to relatively thick with distinct patterns of ridges covering the surface. More often, however, diVerences in wall structure are more subtle. Most morphospecies were distributed at bathyal depths along the continental margin, but one was sampled at »4,800 m, representing the Wrst record of an abyssal gromiid. Concurrent with Wndings from other regions of the World’s oceans, the Weddell Sea gromiids were mostly found in surWcial sediments in areas of elevated organic input, suggesting that deep-sea gromiids are likely to play an important role in carbon cycling in bathyal eutrophic regions through the ingestion and degradation of fresh organic matter.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0722-4060 (print)
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > National Oceanography Centre (NERC)
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
National Oceanography Centre (NERC) > Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems
ePrint ID: 162755
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2010 15:02
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:17
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/162755

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