Monitoring the deterioration of historic textiles: developing appropriate micromethodology


Garside, P. and Wyeth, P. (2003) Monitoring the deterioration of historic textiles: developing appropriate micromethodology. In, Townsend, J.H., Eremin, K. and Adriaens, A. (eds.) Conservation Science 2002. London, UK, Archetype Publishing, 171-176.

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Description/Abstract

Methods are needed for indirectly assessing the physical state of historic textiles and further assessing the risk of display. Infrared spectroscopy offers a microsampling technique that can probe both the microstructure and chemistry of materials. A cellulose crystallinity index can be derived for plant fibres. Additional details were extracted from polarised spectra, with the coupled data allowing an estimate of the oriented fraction of the microfibrillar component. Applying this protocol to linen fibres suggested a 30% amourphous and 70% crystalline cellulose content, with 70% of the latter being well oriented. The relative changes in fractional oriented crystallinity were found to differ dramatically for a modern and a 16th-century linen, following accelerated ageing. However, there was no direct correlation with the breaking strain, and the change in mechanical behaviour could not be predicted with certainty on the basis of the oriented crystallinity parameter alone.

Item Type: Book Section
ISBNs: 1873132883 (hardback)
Related URLs:
Keywords: linen, cellulose, crystallinity, ageing, deterioration, vibrational spectroscopy, polarised atr-ftir
Subjects: T Technology > TT Handicrafts Arts and crafts
Q Science > QC Physics
C Auxiliary Sciences of History > C Auxiliary sciences of history (General)
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Art
ePrint ID: 16414
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:06
Publisher: Archetype Publishing
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/16414

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