The cytotoxic lymphocyte protease, granzyme B, targets the cytoskeleton and perturbs microtubule polymerization dynamics
Adrain, Colin, Duriez, Patrick J., Brumatti, Gabriela, Delivani, Petrina and Martin, Seamus J. (2006) The cytotoxic lymphocyte protease, granzyme B, targets the cytoskeleton and perturbs microtubule polymerization dynamics. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281, (12), 8118-8125. (doi:10.1074/jbc.M509361200). (PMID:16415351).
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Granzyme B, a serine protease derived from cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and Natural Killer (NK) cell granules, plays an important role in coordinating apoptosis of CTL and NK target cells. Here, we report that granzyme B targets the cytoskeleton by cleaving and removing the acidic C-terminal tail of alpha-tubulin. Consistent with this, Granzyme B markedly enhanced rates of microtubule polymerization in vitro, most likely by removal of an autoinhibitory domain within the tubulin C terminus. Moreover, delivery of Granzyme B into HeLa target cells promoted dramatic reorganization of the microtubule network in a caspase-independent manner. These data reveal that granzyme B directly attacks a major component of the cell cytoskeleton, which may contribute to the incapacitation of target cells during CTL/NK-mediated killing.
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Cancer Sciences
|Date Deposited:||04 Oct 2010 13:51|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2011 07:54|
|Contributors:||Adrain, Colin (Author)
Duriez, Patrick J. (Author)
Brumatti, Gabriela (Author)
Delivani, Petrina (Author)
Martin, Seamus J. (Author)
|Date:||24 March 2006|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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