A comparison of gauge and radar precipitation data for simulating an extreme hydrological event in the Severn Uplands, UK


Biggs, Eloise M. and Atkinson, Peter M. (2010) A comparison of gauge and radar precipitation data for simulating an extreme hydrological event in the Severn Uplands, UK. Hydrological Processes, 25, (5), 795-810. (doi:10.1002/hyp.7869).

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Description/Abstract

This paper provides a comparison of gauge and radar precipitation data sources during an extreme hydrological event. November–December 2006 was selected as a time period of intense rainfall and large river flows for the Severn Uplands, an upland catchment in the United Kingdom. A comparison between gauge and radar precipitation time-series records for the event indicated discrepancies between data sources, particularly in areas of higher elevation. The HEC-HMS rainfall-runoff model was selected to assess the accuracy of the precipitation to simulate river flows for the extreme event. Gauge, radar and gauge-corrected radar rainfall were used as model inputs. Universal cokriging was used to geostatistically interpolate gauge data with radar and elevation data as covariates. This interpolated layer was used to calculate the mean-field bias and correct the radar composites. Results indicated that gauge- and gauge-corrected radar-driven models replicated flows adequately for the extreme event. Gauge-corrected flow predictions produced an increase in flow prediction accuracy when compared with the raw radar, yet predictions were comparative in accuracy to those using the interpolated gauge network. Subsequent investigations suggested this was due to an adequate spatial and temporal resolution of the precipitation gauge network within the Severn Uplands. Results suggested that the six rain gauges could adequately represent precipitation variability of the Severn Uplands to predict flows at an approximately equal accuracy to that obtained by radar. Temporally, radar produced an increase in flow prediction accuracy in mountainous reaches once the gauge time step was in excessive of an hourly interval.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0885-6087 (print)
1099-1085 (electronic)
Keywords: radar, nimrod, precipitation, gauge, severn uplands, hec-hms, cokriging
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Geography > Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis
ePrint ID: 165639
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2010 09:24
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:18
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/165639

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