Sound transmission at low frequencies through the walls of distorted circular ducts

Cummings, A., Chang, I.J. and Astley, R.J. (1984) Sound transmission at low frequencies through the walls of distorted circular ducts. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 97, (2), 261-286. (doi:10.1016/0022-460X(84)90322-5).


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A theoretical treatment of sound transmission through the walls of distorted circular ducts is given, for plane mode transmission within the duct. The transmission mechanism is essentially that of “mode coupling”, whereby higher structural modes in the duct walls are excited, because of the wall distortion, by the internal sound field. The theory is in two parts: an approximate analytical model for the structural response of the walls to the internal sound field, and a structural radiation model. Computed results, based on the theory, are compared to measurements on “long-seam” air conditioning ducts. Where the duct geometry can be reliably specified, reasonably good agreement is obtained between theoretical and experimental data. It is concluded that mode coupling effects serve to account for the discrepancies between ideal and observed behaviour in sound transmission through duct walls.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/0022-460X(84)90322-5
ISSNs: 0022-460X (print)
1095-8568 (electronic)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > Institute of Sound and Vibration Research > Fluid Dynamics and Acoustics
ePrint ID: 166473
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
22 November 1984Published
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2010 08:19
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:30

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