Jaguar and puma activity patterns in relation to their main prey


Harmsen, Bart J., Foster, Rebecca J., Silver, Scott C., Ostro, Linde E.T. and Doncaster, C.P. (2010) Jaguar and puma activity patterns in relation to their main prey. Mammalian Biology - Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde (doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2010.08.007).

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Description/Abstract

Activity patterns of top predators are adapted for efficient predation, whereas their prey must contend with the conflicting demands of acquiring resources and avoiding predators. Here we analyse the activity of jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor) in relation to their most important prey species, armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) and pacas (Agouti paca) respectively, in the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary, Belize using large-scale camera-trap data. Jaguars and pumas have similar 24 h activity patterns as armadillos and pacas, both burrow-dwelling species, and negligible overlap with less frequently consumed prey species such as red brocket deer (Mazama americana) and peccaries. Activity of armadillos and pacas varied with moon phase, with reduced activity during periods of brighter illumination, perhaps as a predator-avoidance strategy. Across the study area, moon phase had no overall influence on jaguar and puma activity; however at locations associated with armadillos, jaguar activity declined with brighter illumination, perhaps indicating a shift to alternative prey during full moon when armadillos avoided foraging above ground. No such relationship was found for pumas and moon phase at locations associated with pacas.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1616-5047 (print)
1618-1476 (electronic)
Keywords: armadillos, camera trapping, moon phase, pacas, predator, panthera onca, prey, puma concolor
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Biological Sciences
ePrint ID: 169291
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2010 15:39
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:19
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/169291

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