Curran, P.J. and Steele, C.M.
MERIS: the re-branding of an ocean sensor.
International Journal of Remote Sensing, 26, (9), . (doi:10.1080/01431160412331330275).
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MERIS (Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) is a fine spectral and medium spatial resolution satellite sensor and is part of the core instrument payload of Envisat, the European Space Agency's (ESA) environmental research satellite, launched in March 2002. Designed primarily for ocean (‘MER’) and coastal zone remote sensing, this imaging spectrometer (‘IS’) now has a much broader environmental remit covering also land and atmospheric applications. This paper reviews (i) MERIS's development history, focusing on its changing mission objectives; (ii) MERIS's technical specification, including its radiometric, spectral and geometric characteristics, programmability and onboard calibration; (iii) decisions that led to modifications of MERIS's spectral, geometric and radiometric performance for land applications; (iv) MERIS's data products; and (v) some of the ways in which MERIS data might be used to provide information on terrestrial vegetation.
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