Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with reading disabilities: preliminary genetic findings on the involvement of the ADRA2A gene


Stevenson, J., Langley, K., Pay, H., Payton, A., Worthington, J., Ollier, W. and Thapar, A. (2005) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with reading disabilities: preliminary genetic findings on the involvement of the ADRA2A gene. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, (10), 1081-1088. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01533.x).

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Description/Abstract

Background: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and reading disability (RD) tend to co-occur and quantitative genetic studies have shown this to arise primarily through shared genetic influences. However, molecular genetic studies have shown different genes to be associated with each of these conditions. Neurobiological studies have implicated noradrenergic function in the aetiology of
ADHD that is comorbid with RD.

This paper examines the neurobiological evidence and presents preliminary testing of the hypothesis that the ADRA2A receptor gene is contributing to ADHD and comorbid RD.

Methods: One hundred and fifty-two children (140 boys, 12 girls) of British Caucasian origin, aged between 6 and 13 years and with a diagnosis of ADHD, were recruited. The children’s reading ability was tested. Children were identified as having ADHD or ADHD plus RD (n =82). DNA was available for 10 parent child trios and 42 parent child duos. Genotyping was undertaken for an ADRA2A polymorphism.

Results: For those with ADHD plus RD there was evidence of association with the alpha 2A adrenergic receptor (ADRA2A) polymorphism with the G allele being preferentially transmitted.

Conclusions: The preliminary evidence together with other neurobiological research findings suggests that the ADRA2A gene may contribute to comorbid ADHD and RD and needs to be properly examined.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0021-9630 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: alpha 2a adrenergic receptor, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, comorbidity, genetics, reading disability
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
ePrint ID: 17451
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2005
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:07
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/17451

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