September 2005 mega-dike emplacement in the Manda-Harraro nascent oceanic rift (Afar depression)

Ayele, Atalay, Keir, Derek, Ebinger, Cynthia, Wright, Tim J., Stuart, Graham W., Buck, W. Roger, Jacques, Eric, Ogubazghi, Ghebrebrhan and Sholan, Jamal (2009) September 2005 mega-dike emplacement in the Manda-Harraro nascent oceanic rift (Afar depression). Geophysical Research Letters, 36, (20), L20306. (doi:10.1029/2009GL039605).


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Local and regional seismic data constrain the space-time history of deformation and likely magma sources for the September 2005 diking episode in the Manda-Harraro rift zone of the Afar depression. The results distinguish three centers from which subhorizontal dike propagation progressed: two distinct sources around the Dabbahu-Gab'ho Volcanic Complex (DVC) and the third at the Ado'Ale Volcanic Complex (AVC). The temporal development of seismicity shows that the majority of the dike volume is fed from beneath AVC and migrated laterally with an average rate of 15–30 cm/sec. This dike emplacement at a divergent plate boundary is unusual due to the rapid intrusion of a large volume of magma and the large amount of seismic moment release. We interpret this volcano-tectonic crisis as a complex interaction of multiple magma plumbing sources and lithosphere at a plate boundary under extension. Such repeated episodes will eventually shape the incipient oceanic rift morphology.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1029/2009GL039605
ISSNs: 0094-8276
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
ePrint ID: 175161
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2011 17:01
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:33

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