An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect study


Ogilvie, David, Bull, Fiona, Powell, Jane, Cooper, Ashley R., Brand, Christian, Mutrie, Nanette, Preston, J.M. and Rutter, Harry (2011) An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect study. American Journal of Public Health, 101, (3), 473-481. (doi:10.2105/ajph.2010.198002).

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Description/Abstract

Improving infrastructure for walking and cycling is increasingly recommended as a means to promote physical activity, prevent obesity, and reduce traffic congestion and carbon emissions. However, limited evidence from intervention studies exists to support this approach. Drawing on classic epidemiological methods, psychological and ecological models of behavior change, and the principles of realistic evaluation, we have developed an applied ecological framework by which current theories about the behavioral effects of environmental change may be tested in heterogeneous and complex intervention settings. Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1541-0048
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 176299
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2011 13:12
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2014 15:23
Research Funder: EPSRC
Projects:
Measuring and Evaluating the Travel, Physical Activity and Carbon Impacts of Connect2
Funded by: EPSRC (EP/G00059X/1)
Led by: Jonathan Mark Preston
5 May 2008 to 4 November 2013
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/176299

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