Individual differences in the cortisol response to stress in young healthy men: Testing the roles of perceived stress reactivity and threat appraisal using multiphase latent growth curve modeling


Schlotz, Wolff, Hammerfald, Karin, Ehlert, Ulrike and Gaab, Jens (2011) Individual differences in the cortisol response to stress in young healthy men: Testing the roles of perceived stress reactivity and threat appraisal using multiphase latent growth curve modeling. Biological Psychology, 87, (2), 257-264. (doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.03.005). (PMID:21419825).

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Description/Abstract

Individual differences in stress reactivity and cognitive appraisal processes are thought to explain part of the heterogeneity in stress responses. This study investigated how perceived typical stress reactivity and momentary cognitive appraisal affect salivary cortisol responses to a laboratory performance stressor with social evaluation in 66 male non-smokers. Multiphase latent growth curve models showed positive associations of perceived stress reactivity and primary appraisal with cortisol responses. An age-adjusted path analysis suggested that primary appraisal mediated the effect of perceived reactivity to social evaluation on cortisol responses, and that effects of primary appraisal were attenuated at high levels of perceived reactivity. Our results suggest that individuals who report that they typically show strong perceived emotional, cognitive and autonomic responses to social evaluative stress tend to perceive the prospect of having to perform in front of an audience as more threatening, and that this appraisal then leads to stronger cortisol responses.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: individual differences, stress response, perceived stress reactivity, cognitive appraisal, trier social stress test (tsst), hpa axis, salivary cortisol, multiphase growth curve model
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Human Wellbeing
ePrint ID: 176757
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2011 09:32
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:23
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/176757

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