Temporal englacial water content variability associated with a rapidly retreating glacier
Hart, Jane K., Rose, Kathryn C. and Martinez, Kirk (2011) Temporal englacial water content variability associated with a rapidly retreating glacier. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 36, (9), 1230-1239. (doi:10.1002/esp.2148).
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This study uses a combination of evidence from ground penetrating radar, borehole, video, and wireless probe data to assess temporal changes in englacial water content associated with Briksdalsbreen, a rapidly retreating Norwegian glacier. Over a 13 day period in 2006, ice radar-wave velocity varied between 0·135 m/ns (± 0·009) and 0·159 m/ns (± 0·003), and water content from 7·8% (+2·6, −2·8) to 2·5% (+0·9, −1·1) [derived from the Looyenga (Physica31(3): 401–406, 1965) formula]. It is suggested that during warm precipitation free days, void spaces within the glacier become filled with water, resulting in low radar-wave velocity. This stored water then drained during cold, high precipitation days, allowing the radar-wave velocity to rise. These changes in englacial storage were caused by the enhanced crevassing generated by the newly floating ice margin, and were associated with accelerated glacier retreat.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||doi:10.1002/esp.2148|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social and Human Sciences > Geography and Environment > Earth Surface Dynamics
|Date Deposited:||04 Oct 2011 13:23|
|Last Modified:||27 Mar 2014 19:23|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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