Morphological and functional abnormalities in mitochondria associated with synaptic degeneration in prion disease

Sisková, Zuzana, Mahad, Don Joseph, Pudney, Carianne, Campbell, Graham, Cadogan, Mark, Asuni, Ayodeji, O'Connor, Vincent and Perry, Victor Hugh CNS Inflammation Group, University of Southampton and The Mitochondrial Research Group, Newcastle University (2010) Morphological and functional abnormalities in mitochondria associated with synaptic degeneration in prion disease. American Journal of Pathology, 177, (3), 1411-1421. (doi:10.2353/ajpath.2010.091037). (PMID:20651247).


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Synaptic and dendritic pathology is a well-documented component of prion disease. In common with other neurodegenerative diseases that contain an element of protein misfolding, little is known about the underlying mechanisms of synaptic degeneration. In particular, in prion disease the relationship between synaptic malfunction, degeneration, and mitochondria has been neglected. We investigated a wide range of mitochondrial parameters, including changes in mitochondrial density, inner membrane ultrastructure, functional properties and nature of mitochondrial DNA from hippocampal tissue of mice with prion disease, which have ongoing synaptic pathology. Our results indicate that despite a lack of detectable changes in either mitochondrial density or expression of the mitochondrial proteins, mitochondrial function was impaired when compared with age-matched control animals. We observed changes in mitochondrial inner membrane morphology and a reduction in the cytochrome c oxidase activity relative to a sustained level of mitochondrial proteins such as porin and individual, functionally important subunits of complex II and complex IV. These data support the idea that mitochondrial dysfunction appears to occur due to inhibition or modification of respiratory complex rather than deletions of mitochondrial DNA. Indeed, these changes were seen in the stratum radiatum where synaptic pathology is readily detected, indicating that mitochondrial function is impaired and could potentially contribute to or even initiate the synaptic pathology in prion disease.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.2353/ajpath.2010.091037
ISSNs: 0002-9440 (print)
1525-2191 (electronic)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Biological Sciences
ePrint ID: 180203
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
September 2010Published
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2011 07:38
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:35

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