Specific dynamic action affects the hydrostatic pressure tolerance of the shallow water spider crab Maja brachydactyla
Thatje, Sven and Robinson, Nathan (2011) Specific dynamic action affects the hydrostatic pressure tolerance of the shallow water spider crab Maja brachydactyla. Naturwissenschaften, 98, 299-313. (doi:10.1007/s00114-011-0768-1).
The bathymetric distribution of marine benthic invertebrates is likely governed by a combination of ecological and physiological factors. The present study investigates oxygen consumption and heartbeat rate in response to attempted feeding at 1, 100, and 150 atm in the shallow water spider crab, Maja brachydactyla, from temperate European waters. No significant difference was evident between the resting heartbeat rate of specimens at 1 or 100 atm, which were 56 and 65 bpm, respectively (Mann-Whitney: U = 5382.0, n = 95, 98, p = 0.079). However, at 150 atm the resting heartbeat rate was significantly higher than that observed for 100 atm at 108 bpm (Mann-Whitney: U = 149.0, n = 45, 98, p < 0.001). At 150 atm feeding was never observed and coupled with the elevated resting heartbeat rate; it is suggested by 150 atm continued survival is unfeasible. At 1 and 100 atm feeding instigated a distinct increase in heartbeat rate, which remained elevated for over 30 h. This increase peaked within 1 h at 1 atm. At 100 atm this required 4 h and postprandial oxygen consumption was significantly higher than at 1 atm (Kruskal-Wallis: H = 85.036, d.f. = 2, p < 0.001). Elevated hydrostatic pressure is hypothesized to extend the duration and the total metabolic energy devoted to specific dynamic action. The metabolic requirements of feeding under hyperbaric conditions may even reach such a critical demand that feeding is entirely inhibited.
|Keywords:||Crustacea, Biogeography, Bathymetric range, Physiology, Arrhenius break point, Evolution, Deep sea|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
|Date Deposited:||11 Apr 2011 09:06|
|Last Modified:||08 Jun 2012 13:13|
|Contributors:||Thatje, Sven (Author)
Robinson, Nathan (Author)
|Date:||8 April 2011|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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