Pancultural self-enhancement

Sedikides, Constantine, Gaertner, Lowell and Toguchi, Yoshiyasu (2003) Pancultural self-enhancement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, (1), 60-79. (doi:10.1037/0022-3514.84.1.60).


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The culture movement challenged the universality of the self-enhancement motive by proposing that the motive is pervasive in individualistic cultures (the West) but absent in collectivistic cultures (the East). The present research posited that Westerners and Easterners use different tactics to achieve the same goal: positive self-regard. Study 1 tested participants from differing cultural backgrounds (the United States vs. Japan), and Study 2 tested participants of differing self-construals (independent vs. interdependent). Americans and independents self-enhanced on individualistic attributes, whereas Japanese and interdependents self-enhanced on collectivistic attributes. Independents regarded individualistic attributes, whereas interdependents regarded collectivistic attributes, as personally important. Attribute importance mediated self-enhancement. Regardless of cultural background or self-construal, people self-enhance on personally important dimensions. Self-enhancement is a universal human motive.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0022-3514 (print)
Related URLs:
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Human Wellbeing
ePrint ID: 18238
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2006
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2015 02:17

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