Do adult emotional and behavioural outcomes vary as a function of diverse childhood experiences of the public care system?


Dregan, A., Brown, J. and Armstrong, D. (2011) Do adult emotional and behavioural outcomes vary as a function of diverse childhood experiences of the public care system? Psychological Medicine, 1-8. (doi:10.1017/S0033291711000274).

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Description/Abstract

Background Longitudinal data from the 1970 British Cohort Study were used to examine the long-term adult outcomes of those who, as children, were placed in public care.

Method Multivariate logistic estimation models were used to determine whether public care and placement patterns were associated with adult psychosocial outcomes. Seven emotional and behavioural outcomes measured at age 30 years were considered: depression, life dissatisfaction, self-efficacy, alcohol problems, smoking, drug abuse, and criminal convictions.

Results The analyses revealed a significant association between public care status and adult maladjustment on depression [odds ratio (OR) 1.74], life dissatisfaction (OR 1.45), low self-efficacy (OR 1.95), smoking (OR 1.70) and criminal convictions (OR 2.13).

Conclusions Overall, the present study findings suggest that there are enduring influences of a childhood admission to public care on emotional and behavioural adjustment from birth to adulthood. Some of the associations with childhood public care were relatively strong, particularly with respect to depression, self-efficacy and criminal convictions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: FirstView Article
ISSNs: 0033-2917 (print)
Keywords: adult outcomes, behavioural disorder, cohort, emotional disorder, public care
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute
ePrint ID: 183119
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2011 15:20
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:38
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/183119

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