Higham, Philip A.
Believing details known to have been suggested.
British Journal of Psychology, 89, .
In 2 experiments, participants viewed a videotape of a simulated armed robbery, later answered misleading questions about it, and then finally completed a source monitoring test. For the test, participants were asked to indicate for each test item whether it was (1) seen in the video only, (2) read about in the questions only, (3) both seen and read about, (4) not remembered or (5) known to have occurred but the source was unclear. The latter response category was included on the test to remove source guessing and to ensure that attributions to "video," "questions" or "both" were caused by false conscious recollection. In Experiment 1, robust misinformation effects were obtained with both 1 and 48 hour delays between receiving misinformation and the memory test. However, suggested objects were more likely to receive "video only" attributions than nonsuggested objects only at long delay. Experiment 2 verified that it was the delay between receiving the misinformation and the test, and not the delay between viewing the video and receiving the misinformation, that determined the effect of delay. The results are explained by assuming that, at short delay, participants remembered reading about the suggested objects and could discount the "video only" category. However, despite accurately remembering the source of suggested information, the misinformation effect as measured by "both" responses was not diminished. Thus, accurate knowledge regarding the source of suggestion does not necessarily reduce false memory.
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