Specific life events and chronic experiences differentially associated with depression and anxiety in young twins


Eley, Thalia C. and Stevenson, Jim (2000) Specific life events and chronic experiences differentially associated with depression and anxiety in young twins. Journal Of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28, (4), 383-394. (doi: 10.1023/A:1005173127117).

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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005173127117

Description/Abstract

Behavioral genetic analyses indicate that environmental influences associated with depression and anxiety are specific to each symptom type; however, this has not been tested specifically in children. Sixty-one (61) child twin pairs in which at least one twin had a very high anxiety or depression score, and 29 nonanxious, nondepressed pairs were interviewed about life events and chronic stressors in the previous 12 months. Loss events, schoolwork stressors, family relationship problems, and friendship problems were all significantly associated with depression but not anxiety. Threat events were significantly associated with anxiety but not depression. Loss events and schoolwork stressors appeared to act as shared environment influences in that they made twin pairs resemble one another. Threat events, friendship problems, and family relationship problems were individual specific and accounted for differences within the pairs. These results clarify the associations between life events and depressive and anxious symptoms in children and adolescents and reveal specific associations previously unidentified in this age range.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0091-0627 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: anxiety, depression, environmental influences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
ePrint ID: 18399
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:08
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/18399

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