Exciting traffic jams: nonlinear phenomena behind traffic jam formation on highways


Orosz, Gábor, Wilson, R. Eddie, Szalai, Róbert and Stepan, Gábor (2009) Exciting traffic jams: nonlinear phenomena behind traffic jam formation on highways. Physical Review E, 80, (4), 046205. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.80.046205). (PMID:19905413).

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Description/Abstract

A nonlinear car-following model is studied with driver reaction time delay by using state-of-the-art numerical continuations techniques. These allow us to unveil the detailed microscopic dynamics as well as to extract macroscopic properties of traffic flow. Parameter domains are determined where the uniform flow equilibrium is stable but sufficiently large excitations may trigger traffic jams. This behavior becomes more robust as the reaction time delay is increased.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1539-3755 (print)
1550-2376 (electronic)
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 184235
Date Deposited: 06 May 2011 14:30
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:39
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/184235

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