Visual influences on balance

Redfern, Mark S., Yardley, Lucy and Bronstein, Adolfo (2001) Visual influences on balance. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 15, (1-2), 81-94. (doi:10.1016/S0887-6185(00)00043-8).


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This paper discusses the impact of vision on balance and orientation in patients with vestibular disorders and in anxiety patients with space and motion discomfort (SMD). When the vestibular system is impaired, vision has a greater influence on standing postural control, resulting in greater sway when individuals are presented with erroneous or conflicting visual cues. Studies have shown that individuals with other motion sensitivities, such as motion sickness, also tend to rely on vision for balance and do not disregard erroneous visual cues. Recently, patients with anxiety disorders that include SMD also have been shown to have increased postural sway in conflicting visual environments, similar to patients with vestibular disorders. Thus, while specific vestibular deficits are not always directly associated with SMD, data regarding the impact of vision on balance suggest that some patients with SMD may have an underlying balance disorder.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/S0887-6185(00)00043-8
Related URLs:
Keywords: balance, posture, vision, anxiety, vestibular
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Human Wellbeing
ePrint ID: 18457
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2005
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 11:34

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