Micromixing within microfluidic devices

Capretto, Lorenzo, Cheng, Wei, Hill, Martyn and Zhang, Xunli (2011) Micromixing within microfluidic devices. In, Topics in Current Chemistry. London, GB, Springer , 1-42. (doi:10.1007/128_2011_150).


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Micromixing is a crucial process within microfluidic systems such as micro total analysis systems (?TAS). A state-of-art review on microstructured mixing devices and their mixing phenomena is given. The review first presents an overview of the characteristics of fluidic behavior at the microscale and their implications in microfluidic mixing processes. According to the two basic principles exploited to induce mixing at the microscale, micromixers are generally classified as being passive or active. Passive mixers solely rely on pumping energy, whereas active mixers rely on an external energy source to achieve mixing. Typical types of passive micromixers are discussed, including T- or Y-shaped, parallel lamination, sequential, focusing enhanced mixers, and droplet micromixers. Examples of active mixers using external forces such as pressure field, electrokinetic, dielectrophoretic, electrowetting, magneto-hydrodynamic, and ultrasound to assist mixing are presented. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages of mixing in a microfluidic environment are discussed.

Item Type: Book Section
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1007/128_2011_150
ISSNs: 0340-1022 (print)
0340-1022 (electronic)
Keywords: active micromixers, microfluidics, micromixing, mixing principles, passive micromixers
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences > Bioengineering Sciences
ePrint ID: 189177
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 31 May 2011 10:35
Last Modified: 11 May 2016 13:25
Integrated Synthesis and Characterisation of Organic Nanoparticles Using Microfluidic Technology for Drug Delivery Applications
Funded by: EPSRC (EP/G009732/1)
Led by: Xunli Zhang
27 March 2009 to 26 September 2012
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/189177

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