Multitip scanning bio-Kelvin probe

Baikie, I.D., Smith, P.J.S., Porterfield, D.M. and Estrup, P.J. (1999) Multitip scanning bio-Kelvin probe. Review of Scientific Instruments, 70, (3), 1842. (doi:10.1063/1.1149678).


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We have developed a novel multitip scanning Kelvin probe which can measure changes in biological surface potential ?Vs to within 2 mV and, quasisimultaneously monitor displacement to <1 ?m. The control and measurement subcomponents are PC based and incorporate a flexible user interface permitting software control of each individual tip, measurement, and scan parameters. We review the mode of operation and design features of the scanning bio-Kelvin probe including tip steering, signal processing, tip calibration, and novel tip tracking/dithering routines. This system uniquely offers both tip-to-sample spacing control (which is essential to avoid spurious changes in ?Vs due to variations in mean spacing) and a dithering routine to maintain tip orientation to the biological specimen, irrespective of the latter’s movement. These features permit long term (>48 h) “active” tracking of the displacement and biopotentials developed along and around a plant shoot in response to an environmental stimulus, e.g., differential illumination (phototropism) or changes in orientation (gravitropism). © 1999 American Institute of Physics.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1063/1.1149678
ISSNs: 0034-6748 (print)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > Other
ePrint ID: 190523
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
March 1999Published
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2011 09:21
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:41

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