An exploration of the relationship between trait anxiety and school attendance in young people
Richards, Helen J. and Hadwin, Julie A. (2011) An exploration of the relationship between trait anxiety and school attendance in young people. School Mental Health (doi:10.1007/s12310-011-9054-9). (In Press).
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Previous research has consistently found an association between elevated anxiety and school refusal behaviour (SRB) in children and young people. Kearney (J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:53–61, 2007) suggested that this relationship is best understood by exploring motivations underlying SRB. The present study aimed to establish whether motivating factors associated with non-attendance could explain the relationship between trait anxiety and school attendance in a community sample of 162 12–13-year-old young people. We measured motivating factors using the School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised (SRAS-R; Kearney in J Psychopathol Behav Assess 24:235–245, 2002). In addition, we assessed the factor structure of the SRAS-R using confirmatory factor analysis. Goodness-of-fit indices supported a three-factor model highlighting motivational factors related to negative affect, social avoidance and attention-seeking. The results showed a negative relationship between trait anxiety and school attendance that was mediated by social avoidance and attention-seeking. We suggested that a consideration of motivating factors is important to understand and address anxiety-related non-attendance in young people.
|Keywords:||anxiety, school refusal, children, social avoidance, separation anxiety|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
L Education > L Education (General)
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology
|Date Deposited:||21 Jun 2011 13:05|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2012 14:01|
|Funder:||Economic and Social Research Council|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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