Gao, N., Starink, M.J., Davin, L., Cerezo, A., Wang, S.C. and Gregson, P.J.
Microstructure and precipitation in Al-Li-Cu-Mg-(Mn, Zr) alloys.
Materials Science and Technology, 21, (9), . (doi:10.1179/174328405X27034).
Hot rolled Al-6Li-1Cu-1Mg-0.2Mn (at.%) (Al-1.6Li-2.2Cu-0.9Mg-0.4Mn, wt.%) and Al-6Li-1Cu-1Mg-0.03Zr (at.%) (Al-1.6Li-2.3Cu-1Mg-0.1Zr, wt.%) alloys developed for age forming were studied by tensile testing, electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), three-dimensional atom probe (3DAP), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). For both alloys, DSC analysis shows that ageing at 150°C leads initially to formation of zones/clusters, which are later gradually replaced by S phase. On ageing at 190°C, S phase formation is completed within 12 h. The precipitates identified by 3D atom probe and TEM can be classified into (a) Li-rich clusters containing Cu and Mg, (b) a plate-shaped metastable precipitate (similar to GPB2 zones/S''), (c) S phase and (d) delta' spherical particles rich in Li. The Zr containing alloy also contains beta' (Al3Zr) precipitates and composite beta'/delta' particles. The beta' precipitates reduces recrystallisation and grain growth leading to fine grains and subgrains.
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