Improving photosynthesis for algal biofuels - toward a green revolution


Stephenson, Patrick G., Moore, C. Mark, Terry, Matthew J., Zubkov, Mikhail V. and Bibby, Thomas S. (2011) Improving photosynthesis for algal biofuels - toward a green revolution. Trends in Biotechnology, 29, (12), 615-623. (doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2011.06.005).

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Description/Abstract

Biofuels derived from marine algae are a potential source of sustainable energy that can contribute to future global demands. The realisation of this potential will require manipulation of the fundamental biology of algal physiology to increase the efficiency with which solar energy is ultimately converted into usable biomass. This ‘photosynthetic solar energy conversion efficiency’ sets an upper limit on the potential of algal-derived biofuels. In this review, we outline photosynthetic molecular targets that could be manipulated to increase the efficiency and yield of algal biofuel production. We also highlight modern ‘omic’ and high-throughput technologies that might enable identification, selection and improvement of algal cell lines on timescales relevant for achieving significant contributions to future energy solutions.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0167-7799 (print)
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > National Oceanography Centre (NERC)
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences > Biological Sciences
Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences > Ocean and Earth Science > Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems
National Oceanography Centre (NERC) > Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems
ePrint ID: 192215
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2011 13:55
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2014 11:03
Projects:
Plug'n Play Photosynthesis for Rubisco Independent Fuels
Funded by: BBSRC (BB/I02447X/1)
Led by: Thomas Bibby
1 September 2011 to 31 August 2014
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/192215

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