SNARE protein recycling by αSNAP and βSNAP supports synaptic vesicle priming


Burgalossi, Andrea, Jung, Sangyong, Meyer, Guido, Jockusch, Wolf J, Jahn, Olaf, Taschenberger, Holger, O'Connor, Vincent M, Nishiki, Tei-ichi, Takahashi, Masami, Brose, Nils and Rhee, Jeong-Seop (2010) SNARE protein recycling by αSNAP and βSNAP supports synaptic vesicle priming. Neuron, 68, (3), 473-487. (doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2010.09.019 ). (PMID:21040848).

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Description/Abstract

Neurotransmitter release proceeds by Ca(2+)-triggered, SNARE-complex-dependent synaptic vesicle fusion. After fusion, the ATPase NSF and its cofactors α- and βSNAP disassemble SNARE complexes, thereby recycling individual SNAREs for subsequent fusion reactions. We examined the effects of genetic perturbation of α- and βSNAP expression on synaptic vesicle exocytosis, employing a new Ca(2+) uncaging protocol to study synaptic vesicle trafficking, priming, and fusion in small glutamatergic synapses of hippocampal neurons. By characterizing this protocol, we show that synchronous and asynchronous transmitter release involve different Ca(2+) sensors and are not caused by distinct releasable vesicle pools, and that tonic transmitter release is due to ongoing priming and fusion of new synaptic vesicles during high synaptic activity. Our analysis of α- and βSNAP deletion mutant neurons shows that the two NSF cofactors support synaptic vesicle priming by determining the availability of free SNARE components, particularly during phases of high synaptic activity

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0896-6273 (print)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Biological Sciences
ePrint ID: 193575
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2011 12:52
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:44
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/193575

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