Effect of adjuvant composition on immune response to a multiple antigen peptide (MAP) containing a protective epitope from Neisseria meningitidis class 1 porin


Christodoulides, Myron, Rattue, Elizabeth and Heckels, John E. (1999) Effect of adjuvant composition on immune response to a multiple antigen peptide (MAP) containing a protective epitope from Neisseria meningitidis class 1 porin. Vaccine, 18, (1-2), 131-9. (doi:10.1016/S0264-410X(99)00190-5). (PMID:10501243).

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Description/Abstract

A variety of adjuvants with the potential for use with experimental human vaccines were used for immunisation of mice, in an attempt to augment the humoral immune response to a multiple antigen peptide (MAP) containing a protective epitope from the sero-subtype specific class 1 porin protein of Neisseria meningitidis, in tandem with a Th-cell epitope. Surface plasmon resonance showed that combinations of the immunomodulators pluronic block co-polymer, muramyl dipeptide and monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), increased the magnitude and avidity of the immune response in comparison with both Al(OH)3 and Freund-type adjuvants. In addition, the incorporation of MPL was essential for the induction of a broad distribution of antibody isotypes. The antibodies induced recognised the native protein in meningococcal outer membranes in a subtype-specific manner. The formulations containing these multiple immunomodulators which have already been used in human phase I/II trials with experimental vaccines, are candidates for inclusion in future human vaccines based on synthetic peptides containing defined, protective epitopes.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0264-410X (print)
0264-410X (electronic)
Keywords: meningococci, adjuvant, peptide vaccine
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
ePrint ID: 193813
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 13:38
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:44
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/193813

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