Identification of further proteolytic cleavage sites in the Southampton calicivirus polyprotein by expression of the viral protease in E. coli


Liu, B.L., Viljoen, GJ, Clarke, I.N. and Lambden, P.R. (1999) Identification of further proteolytic cleavage sites in the Southampton calicivirus polyprotein by expression of the viral protease in E. coli. Journal of General Virology, 80, (2), 291-296. (PMID:10073687).

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Description/Abstract

Southampton virus (SV) is a human enteric calicivirus with a positive-sense RNA genome which encodes a protease as part of a large precursor polyprotein. Expression vectors based on pRSET were constructed carrying the entire 3C-like viral protease (3Cpro) sequence together with flanking sequences from a region of the viral genome 3'-distal to the putative helicase-encoding region. Expression from these vectors in E. coli resulted in discrete protein products with smaller than expected molecular sizes. This confirmed that an active viral protease was produced in E. coli and that the protease was capable of cleaving the expressed protein at defined sites. Expressed cleavage products surrounding the protease region of the viral polyprotein were separated by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membranes and subjected to N-terminal sequence analysis. Cleavage occurred at an EG dipeptide at the N terminus of the putative VPg (961E/GKNKG) and also at the protease/polymerase boundary (1280E/GGDKG). The N terminus of the protease was released from the VPg C terminus at an EA dipeptide in the sequence 1099E/APPTL. These studies demonstrate that SV enteric calicivirus encodes a 3C-like protease with a specificity similar to the picornaviral 3C protease and that the SV polyprotein is cleaved into at least six mature products.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0022-1317 (print)
1465-2099 (electronic)
Related URLs:
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
ePrint ID: 194183
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2011 15:20
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:44
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/194183

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