Thioester analogues of peptidoglycan fragment MurNAc-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu as substrates for peptidoglycan hydrolase MurNAc-L-Ala amidase


Harding, R. L., Henshaw, J., Tilling, J. and Bugg, T. D. H. (2002) Thioester analogues of peptidoglycan fragment MurNAc-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu as substrates for peptidoglycan hydrolase MurNAc-L-Ala amidase. Journal of the Chemical Society: Perkin Transactions 1, (14), 1714-1722. (doi: 10.1039/b200921h).

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Description/Abstract

MurNAc-L-amidase is one of a family of peptidoglycan hydrolases which catalyses the breakdown of bacterial peptidoglycan. Analogues of the peptidoglycan fragment MurNAc-L-Ala-gamma-D-Glu containing S-thiolactic acid in place of L-alanine were synthesised as thioester substrates for this enzyme. Triphenylmethanethiol was used to develop a stereoselective synthesis of S-thiolactic acid, which was elaborated synthetically into MurNAc-dipeptide analogues. MurNAc-S-thioacetyl-N-propylamide 13 and MurNAc-S-thiolactyl-2R-alaninamide 16 were found not to be substrates for recombinant MurNAc-L-Ala amidases CwlA from Bacillus subtilis and Ply21 from bacteriophage TP21, however, turnover of tripeptide thioester S-propionylthiolactyl-gamma-D-Glu-L-Lys-OMe 21 was observed using amidase Ply21. Therefore, recognition of the amino acid at position 3 of the pentapeptide sidechain appears to be important for enzymatic turnover.

Item Type: Article
Related URLs:
Keywords: l-alanine amidase, cell-wall hydrolases, acid, cloning, enzymes
Subjects: Q Science
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Chemistry
ePrint ID: 19757
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:09
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/19757

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