Prediction of passive and active drag in swimming

Webb, A., Banks, Joe, Phillips, C.W.G., Hudson, D.A., Taunton, D.J. and Turnock, S.R. (2011) Prediction of passive and active drag in swimming. Procedia Engineering, 13, 133-140.


[img] PDF - Author's Original
Restricted to System admin

Download (811Kb) | Request a copy


In order to understand the physical origin of passive resistance in swimming the resistance breakdown for
a swimmer is investigated. A combination of empirical methods and theoretical analysis is used to predict
passive resistance in the speed range 0 – 2 ms-1 and is shown to provide similar results to those from experimental testing. Typical magnitudes of wave, viscous pressure and skin friction resistance contribute 59%, 33% and 8% of total passive resistance respectively at free swim speed. A comparison is made between the widely used Velocity Perturbation Method and a Naval Architecture based approach in predicting active drag. For the swimmer investigated the two approaches predict active drag of 131.4 N and 133.9 N for a swimming speed of 1.53 ms-1. However, the results predicted from the Velocity Perturbation Method have a much higher uncertainty and the Naval Architecture based approach is suggested as a more robust method of predicting active drag.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1877-7058 (print)
Keywords: swimming;passive drag;active drag
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and the Environment > Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science > Fluid / Structure Interactions Research
ePrint ID: 198795
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
September 2011Published
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2011 15:37
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:44

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics