Manes , C., Pokrajac, D., McEwan, I., Nikora, V. and Campbell, L.
Application of UVP within porous beds.
Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 132, (9), . (doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2006)132:9(983)).
Standard measurement devices do not normally provide detailed information about flows in porous media because either they are too intrusive (e.g., hot/film wire anemometers) or because the solid phase impedes their physical access to the flow as in the case of laser Doppler anemometers or particle image velocimetry (PIV). In this study, a Metflow ultrasonic velocity profiler (UVP) is used to measure instantaneous velocity fields within porous media composed of plastic balls packed in a cubic pattern. Simple considerations of the ultrasound beam properties and propagation, plus a comparison with measurements performed by a PIV system, demonstrate that UVP devices are suitable for such a purpose
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