Evaluation of VEGF-mediated signaling in primary human cells reveals a paracrine action for VEGF in osteoblast-mediated crosstalk to endothelial cells
Clarkin, Claire E., Emery, Roger J., Pitsillides, Andrew A. and Wheeler-Jones, Caroline P.D. (2008) Evaluation of VEGF-mediated signaling in primary human cells reveals a paracrine action for VEGF in osteoblast-mediated crosstalk to endothelial cells. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 214, (2), 537-544. (doi:10.1002/jcp.21234). (PMID:17685428).
Communication between endothelial and bone cells is crucial for controlling vascular supply during bone growth, remodeling, and repair but the molecular mechanisms coordinating this intercellular crosstalk remain ill-defined. We have used primary human and rat long bone-derived osteoblast-like cells (HOB and LOB) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) to interrogate the potential autocrine/paracrine role of vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) in osteoblast:endothelial cell (OB:EC) communication and examined whether prostaglandins (PG), known modulators of both OB and EC behavior, modify VEGF production. We found that the stable metabolite of PGI2, 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) and PGE2, induced a concentration-dependent increase in VEGF release by HOBs but not ECs. In ECs, VEGF promoted early ERK1/2 activation, late cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein induction, and release of 6-keto-PGF1alpha. In marked contrast, no significant modulation of these events was observed in HOBs exposed to VEGF, but LOBs clearly exhibited COX-dependent prostanoid release (10-fold less than EC) following VEGF treatment. A low level of osteoblast-like cell responsiveness to exogenous VEGF was supported by VEGFR2/Flk-1 immunolabelling and by blockade of VEGF-mediated prostanoid generation by a VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). HOB alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was increased following long-term non-contact co-culture with ECs and exposure of ECs to VEGF in this system further increased OB-like cell differentiation and markedly enhanced prostanoid release. Our studies confirm a paracrine EC-mediated effect of VEGF on OB-like cell behavior and are the first supporting a model in which prostanoids may facilitate this unidirectional VEGF-driven OB:EC communication. These findings may offer novel regimes for modulating pathological bone remodeling anomalies through the control of the closely coupled vascular supply.
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QP Physiology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences > Biological Sciences > Biomedicine
|Date Deposited:||28 Nov 2011 11:54|
|Last Modified:||27 Mar 2014 19:48|
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