Crawford, D.W., Lipsen, M.S., Purdie, D.A., Lohan, M.C., Statham, P.J., Whitney, F.A., Putland, J.N., Johnson, W.K., Sutherland, N., Peterson, T.D., Harrison, P.J. and Wong, C.S.
Influence of zinc and iron enrichments on phytoplankton growth in the northeasten subarctic Pacific.
Limnology and Oceanography, 48, (4), .
Near-surface seawater from the northeastern subarctic Pacific was incubated on deck for 8 d, supplemented with (1) control, no additions (2) +Zn (3) +Fe (4) +Zn+Fe. Concentrations of total Zn and Fe at time zero (t0) and in the control remained at ~0.1-0.2 nmol L-1. In the control, chlorophyll (<0.3 mg m-3), 14C uptake into POC and PIC, and inorganic nutrients all remained relatively constant. Addition of Zn slightly but significantly increased chlorophyll (p<0.05), decreased phosphate (p<0.01) and nitrate (p<0.05), and in P versus E experiments, increased Pm>10-fold and PM chl 2-3-fold. The abundance of small diatoms and coccolithophores was higher in the +Zn treatment compared to the control. The +Fe and +Zn+Fe treatments, compared to the control, both showed >10-fold increases in chlorophyll and 14C uptake into POC and PIC and complete removal of nitrate (<=0.2 mmol m-3). However, differences were observed in size-fractionated data; the +Zn+Fe treatment had significantly lower
percent chlorophyll in the >20-?m fraction (p<0.01) and a higher percentage in the 0.2–5-?m fraction (p<0.01) than the +Fe treatment. In P versus E experiments, both +Fe treatments increased Pm and ? around 100-fold and Pm chl and ?chl by 5–10-fold compared to the control. The +Fe treatment showed a slightly higher ?chl and slightly
lower Pm chl than the +Zn+Fe treatment. Abundance of large diatoms, small diatoms, small flagellates, and coccolm ithophores all increased substantially (~7–1,000-fold) in response to Fe addition, whereas dinoflagellate abundance only doubled. The +Zn+Fe treatment had higher abundances of small diatoms and small flagellates than the +Fe
treatment. We conclude that Zn additions had limited influence on conventional indices of phytoplankton growth compared to Fe, but that there might be subtle influences of Zn that require further attention.
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