Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon

Baril, Neil F., He, Rongrui, Day, Todd D., Sparks, Justin R., Keshavarzi, Banafsheh, Krishnamurthi, Mahesh, Borhan, Ali, Gopalan, Venkatraman, Peacock, Anna C., Healy, Noel, Sazio, Pier J.A. and Badding, John V. (2012) Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134, (1), 19-22. (doi:10.1021/ja2067862).


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Hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) is one of the most technologically important semi-conductors. The challenge in producing it from SiH4 precursor is to overcome a significant kinetic barrier to decomposition at a low enough temperature to allow for hydrogen incorporation into a deposited film. The use of high precursor concentrations is one possible means to increase reaction rates at low enough temperatures, but in conventional reactors such an approach produces large numbers of homogeneously nucleated particles in the gas phase, rather than the desired heterogeneous deposition on a surface. We report that deposition in confined micro-/nanoreactors overcomes this difficulty, allowing for the use of silane concentrations many orders of magnitude higher than conventionally employed while still realizing well-developed films. a-Si:H micro-/nanowires can be deposited in this way in extreme aspect ratio, small- diameter optical fiber capillary templates. The semi- conductor materials deposited have ~0.5 atom% hydrogen with passivated dangling bonds and good electronic properties. They should be suitable for a wide range of photonic and electronic applications such as nonlinear optical fibers and solar cells

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1021/ja2067862
ISSNs: 0002-7863 (print)
1520-5126 (electronic)
Related URLs:
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions : Faculty of Physical Sciences and Engineering > Optoelectronics Research Centre
ePrint ID: 209063
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
8 December 2012Published
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2012 14:36
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:49
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