Questioning the rise of gelatinous zooplankton in the World's oceans
Condon, Robert H, Graham, William M, Duarte, Carlos M, Pitt, Kylie A, Lucas, Cathy H., Haddock, Steven H, Sutherland, Kelly R, Robinson, Kelly L, Dawson, Michael N, Decker, Mary Beth, Mills, Claudia E, Purcell, Jennifer E, Malej, Alenka, Mianzan, Hermes, Uye, Shin-Ichi, Gelcich, Stefan and Madin, Laurence (2012) Questioning the rise of gelatinous zooplankton in the World's oceans. BioScience, 62, (2), 160-169. (doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.2.9).
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During the past several decades, high numbers of gelatinous zooplankton species have been reported in many estuarine and coastal ecosystems. Coupled with media-driven public perception, a paradigm has evolved in which the global ocean ecosystems are thought to be heading toward being dominated by “nuisance” jellyfish. We question this current paradigm by presenting a broad overview of gelatinous zooplankton in a historical
context to develop the hypothesis that population changes reflect the human-mediated alteration of global ocean ecosystems. To this end, we synthesize information related to the evolutionary context of contemporary gelatinous zooplankton blooms, the human frame of reference for
changes in gelatinous zooplankton populations, and whether sufficient data are available to have established the paradigm. We conclude that the current paradigm in which it is believed that there has been a global increase in gelatinous zooplankton is unsubstantiated, and we develop a strategy for addressing the critical questions about long-term, human-related changes in the sea as they relate to gelatinous zooplankton blooms.
|Keywords:||bloom, media, jellyfish, salp, global synthesis|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences > Ocean and Earth Science > Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems
|Date Deposited:||01 Feb 2012 10:29|
|Last Modified:||22 Jul 2013 01:20|
|Funder:||National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, UC Santa Barbara, USA|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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