The chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from the Broken Spur site, 29°N Mid-Atlantic ridge

James, R.H., Elderfield, H. and Palmer, M.R. (1995) The chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from the Broken Spur site, 29°N Mid-Atlantic ridge. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 59, (4), 651-659. (doi:10.1016/0016-7037(95)00003-I).


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Hydrothermal fluids have been collected from three high temperature (360–364°C) vents from Broken Spur (29°10.08′N, 43°10.46′W; water depth ∼ 3100 m). This is only the fourth site on a slow spreading ridge from which such fluids have been collected. Compared to other vent sites, the hydrothermal fluids are enriched in Li (1035 μM) and have lower dissolved Mn (∼250 μM) and Sr (43 μM) concentrations. The boron isotope systematics indicate that substantial removal (>50%) of seawater B has occurred in the low-temperature portion of the hydrothermal convection cell. In addition, low temperature removal of seawater Sr is ∼10% greater at Broken Spur compared to similar vent sites in the Pacific where spreading rates are faster. A low Eu anomaly (11 ± 3) and a View the MathML source ratio (10.8) intermediate between pristine and weathered basalt suggest that the vent fluids have interacted with a component of basalt that has previously undergone low-temperature weathering. the fluids are 14% depleted in Cl relative to seawater. Supercritical phase separation appears to be the only reasonable process that may account for the fluid depletion.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/0016-7037(95)00003-I
ISSNs: 0016-7037 (print)
0016-7037 (electronic)
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences > Ocean and Earth Science > Geochemistry
National Oceanography Centre (NERC) > Marine Geoscience
ePrint ID: 210299
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2012 13:55
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:50

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