A modelling technique for active control design studies with application to spacecraft microvibrations

Aglietti, G.S., Gabriel, S.B., Langley, R.S. and Rogers, E. (1997) A modelling technique for active control design studies with application to spacecraft microvibrations. Journal of The Acoustical Society of America, 102, (4), 2158-2166. (doi:10.1121/1.419631).


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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.419631


Microvibrations, at frequencies between 1 and 1000 Hz, generated by on board equipment, can propagate throughout a spacecraft structure and affect the performance of sensitive payloads. To investigate strategies to reduce these dynamic disturbances by means of active control systems, realistic yet simple structural models are necessary to represent the dynamics of the electromechanical system. In this paper a modeling technique which meets this requirement is presented, and the resulting mathematical model is used to develop some initial results on active control strategies. Attention is focused on a mass loaded panel subjected to point excitation sources, the objective being to minimize the displacement at an arbitrary output location. Piezoelectric patches acting as sensors and actuators are employed. The equations of motion are derived by using Lagrange's equation with vibration mode shapes as the Ritz functions. The number of sensors/actuators and their location is variable. The set of equations obtained is then transformed into state variables and some initial controller design studies are undertaken. These are based on standard linear systems optimal control theory where the resulting controller is implemented by a state observer. It is demonstrated that the proposed modeling technique is a feasible realistic basis for in-depth controller design/evaluation studies.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1121/1.419631
ISSNs: 0001-4966 (print)
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Electronics and Computer Science
ePrint ID: 22201
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2007
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2016 10:48
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/22201

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