Low-temperature superplasticity in Al alloys processed by equal-channel angular pressing

Ota, Satoshi, Akamatsu, Hiroki, Neishi, Koji, Furukawa, Minoru, Horita, Zenji and Langdon, Terence G. (2002) Low-temperature superplasticity in Al alloys processed by equal-channel angular pressing. Materials Transactions, 43, (10), 2364-2369.


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Equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was applied to achieve grain refinement of Al–3 mass%Mg alloys containing 0.2 mass%Sc, 0.2 mass%Fe or 0.1 mass%Zr. The thermal stability of the fine-grained structures was examined by conducting static annealing experiments. The fine grain sizes produced by ECAP were essentially retained up to a temperature of 523 K for the Fe-containing and Zr-containing alloys and up to a temperature as high as 773 K for the Sc-containing alloy. The three alloys with Sc, Fe and Zr additions were pulled to failure in tension at 523 K corresponding to 0.59Tm, where Tm is the absolute melting point of the alloy, and maximum elongations of ∼ 640%, ∼ 370% and ∼ 390% were obtained at an initial strain rate of 3.3×10−4 s−1, respectively. Such elongations resulted in more than three times or approximately twice the elongation achieved in a binary Al–3%Mg alloy. It is shown that either Fe or Zr may be used as an alternative element in place of Sc to attain low temperature superplasticity. Tensile testing was also conducted on the Sc-containing ternary alloy at a temperature as low as 473 K corresponding to 0.54Tm. A maximum elongation of ∼ 420% was attained at an initial strain rate of 3.3×10−4 s−1. This appears to be the lowest homologous temperature reported to date for superplasticty of Al-based alloys.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0916-1821 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: superplasticity, equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP), aluminum-magnesium alloys, submicrometer grains, tensile test
Subjects: T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences
ePrint ID: 23470
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:12
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/23470

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