Fujiwara, Toshifumi, Hearn, Grant E., Kitamura, Fumitoshi and Ueno, Michio
Sail–sail and sail–hull interaction effects of hybrid-sail assisted bulk carrier.
Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 10, (2), . (doi:10.1007/s00773-005-0191-4).
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In a previously reported study, wind tunnel experiments were undertaken to investigate the aerodynamic characteristics of hybrid-sails in isolation. Such sails are seen as providing a worthwhile reduction in the delivered power to the propeller and hence the engine generated thrust, with a corresponding reduction in the CO2 production of diesel engine exhaust. In this paper, wind tunnel testing is used to investigate sail–sail interaction effects for two sets of four identical hybrid-sails, and the sail–hull interaction effects for the same two sets of four identical sails in the presence of a bulk carrier hullform. The analysis presented suggests that to build a sail-assisted ship requires an appreciation of the sail–sail and sail–hull interaction effects.
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